The architecture of the city of Adelaide may remind you of a European city. This is due to the fact that many of the buildings in Adelaide are from colonial era. Adelaide is quite rich in different architectural styles of houses. The architectural styles of each era give an insight into different factors, such as levels of prosperity at the time, availability of materials at the time and the political events of the time. The earlier houses built in Adelaide were mostly single story detached dwellings.
Following is a list of houses of different architectural styles in Adelaide
- The Settler’s Cottage
This was among the first home styles built in Adelaide. The style represents the 1830’s architecture and is a replica of traditional English country cottage. These houses were built with logs, reeds, turf, bark, stones and bricks. Some of these houses are still present today.
- Single Fronted Cottage
These cottages started to spring up in the 1840’s. Most of the materials used in these cottages were same as the Settler’s Cottage.
- Symmetrical Cottage
This architectural style was built between 1860’s and early 1900’s. The homes of this style typically had four rooms. The roof styles of these cottages were mostly “M” roof, “Hip” roof, “Well” roof or the “Louvre” roof. These homes had Verandahs with varying styles.
- Bay Window Villa
Bay window villas were the common type of architectural style from 1870’s to 1890’s. As the name suggest’s the Bay window Villa’s featured a protruding window in a convex shape. These houses also featured classic verandahs in front.
This style of home was common in the period between 1880 and 1915. The home typically featured a double front and a hipped roof or an extended gable. The styles on villas varied according to the changing fashions and the roof styles were either “M” roof , “Hip” roof, “Well” roof or “Louvre” roof.
- Return Verandah Villa
Returned Verandah Villa’s were common in the same period as Villa’s and they were a bit bigger in size with a big Verandah on the front side.
- Louvre Roof
These homes were built in the period between 1905 to 1918. The air conditioning was non existent at the time and there was a need for good ventilation. These homes featured gablets built into the ridge cap, to remove hot air from the roof cavity. There were louvered slats in the gablet. Due to the open air system, there was a chance of birds or vermin entering the roof cavity. Bird wire and wooden slats were used for prevention.
- The Queen Ann
Built in 1905 to 1918, Queen Anne is known for the decorative adornment. The Homes had unique architecture and were inspired by the English revival of earlier architectural concepts.
- The Mansion
Mansions have different architectural styles. These are large homes typically built by some very wealthy owners. Most of the Mansions were based on the European designs.
- The Bungalow
In Adelaide Bungalow is a single story dwelling. It usually has a rectangular shape. This architectural style features a gabled front veranda.
- The Tudor
Featuring steeply pitched gables Tudors were a famous architectural style from 1928 to 1938. A simple Tudor would normally have 5 main rooms and a sleep out. Some very large Tudors consisting of 12 rooms were also built.
- Dutch Gable
Dutch Gable’s represent the period between 1934 and 1945, They had steps on a steeply pitched gable.
- Art Deco
The style defines homes having steeply pitched rendered gable. The house has front corbels in the dark. This architectural style originates from mid thirties and forties.
This style came in to existence as a result of the building restrictions which were in place between 1941 and 1950, due to the second world war. The building materials were limited which promoted the use of simple designs. The house areas were limited to 110 square meters. These houses had two bedrooms, dining room, a sitting room and a kitchen.
- Waterfall Austerity
The main architectural difference between Austerity and Waterfall Austerity is the rounded corners in the later. The style was famous from late 1940’s till 1955.
Contemporary architectural style of houses defines the homes with angular appearances. The style features low pitched skillton roofs. These homes were built mostly in the 1950’s and were quite inexpensive.
Erected in the mid fifties and early sixties , these homes were built using similar materials as that of post war homes. Homes with Conventional style architecture were less austere than the post war homes.
- Cape Cod
Cape Cod style homes are typically rectangular in shape and they characterized by their roof style. They were commonly built in the sixties and seventies.
- Boomerang Style
Built in the early sixties, Boomerang style homes are very much an Australian statement.
- Spanish Style
Spanish architectural style homes became quite common in 1970’s and 1980’s. They were mostly single story and gave a beautiful smart impression.
- Colonial Homes
These homes are characterized by the colonial style windows and were commonly built in the 1970’s and 1980’s.
- Mawson Lakes Development
Mawson Lakes Development is an excellent example of the modern architectural styles. It represents the modern building designs and materials. They also represent some great reproductions of classic old styles. Mawson Lakes push towards higher density development. The smaller block sizes have resulted in the double story dwellings becoming more prevalent. These dwellings have modern architecture accommodating the modern way of living.